Google’s DeepMind AI has pioneered a new technology which allows robots to dream in order to improve their rate of learning.
This follows after the company’s recent announcement of its new lip-reading software using artificial intelligence.
The latest development differs from the previous research, in which the company trained its AI to master a ‘Watch, Listen, Attend and Spell (WLAN) network structure whilst transcribing several hours of BBC footage.
In precise explanation of its latest research, DeepMind explained that the aim of the study “is to recognise phrases and sentences being spoken by a talking face, with or without the audio.
“Unlike previous works that have focused on recognising a limited number of words or phrases, we tackle lip reading as an open-word problem- unconstrained natural language sentences, and in the wild videos.”
Following its announcement earlier this month, DeepMind researchers partnered with Blizzard Entertainment in order to transform one of its games into a learning environment for AI. Its popular video game, StarCraft 2, will be used to teach and test machine agents.
In particular, researchers identified that StarCraft was an “interesting testing environment for current AI research because it provides a useful bridge to the messiness of the real-world.”
The ‘dreams’ discovered by researchers, are to allow the AI to highlight different sections of the gamed that may be particularly challenging and repeat them until mastered.
This technique was found to develop a total of 10 times speed increase in the rate of learning.
In a previous blog post, the company said: “DeepMind is on a scientific mission to push the boundaries of AI, developing programs that can learn to solve any complex problem without needing to be told how.
“Games are the perfect environment in which to do this, allowing us to develop and test smarter, more flexible AI algorithms quickly and efficiently, and also providing instant feedback on how we’re doing through scores.”
Read more here: www.cbronline.com/news/internet-of-things/deepmind-ai-gives-robots-dreams/
Japanese researchers and scientists plan to build the world’s fastest computer, an electronic brain known as the AI Bridging Cloud Infrastructure, or ABCI. This machine will transcend the performance of all known supercomputers today by a significant margin.
ABCI will be able to work almost two times as fast other supercomputers currently in development by countries like South Korea and China, who are at the head of the race right now.
China’s Sunway Taihulight supercomputer runs at 93 petaflops, Japan’s ABCI can hit 130.
Japan’s leading Information Technology Research Institute (ITRI), a subsidiary of the Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), will build the computer.
How much will the world’s fastest computer cost?
The Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry has approved a budget of 19.5 billion yen ($173 million) for this project.
Read more here: theusbport.com/japan-introduces-abci-the-worlds-fastest-computer/22102
US authorities charged Michaela Gabriella King, 18, of Murrysville, Pennsylvania with launching multiple DDoS attacks against Franklin Regional High School, the school she was attending.
According to investigators, King used the BetaBooter DDoS stressor to launch DDoS attacks on her's school's network, from her home computer, her mobile phone, but most of the time from computers at school.
According to school officials, the attacks started on October 31, and each one disrupted the school's network from 10 to 45 minutes.
Because the school's network was hosted on the server infrastructure of the Westmoreland Intermediate Unit, a regional educational service agency, other school districts and agencies were also affected.
This includes the network of the Westmoreland County government, the Catholic diocese of Greensburg, and more than a dozen of school districts that include Derry Area, Greater Latrobe, Greensburg Salem, Ligonier Valley, Kiski Area, Jeannette, Burrell, Monessen, Greensburg Central Catholic, and Hempfield Area.
Following the attacks, the school's supervisor of technology notified authorities, who investigated the case and eventually tracked down the attack to King. Police seized eight personal computers, tablets, laptops, and King's smartphone from her residence.
The 18-year-old student admitted to using her PayPal account to pay for membership on the BetaBooter service.
Read more here: www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/18-year-old-computer-genius-charged-with-launching-ddos-attacks/
Muni passengers were treated to free rides for much of the weekend after a cyber attack on Muni's computer network Friday afternoon left ticketing kiosks inoperable. But the San Francisco Municipal Transit Agency looks poised to lose more than a weekend of fares, Hoodline has learned.
According to the pseudonymous hacker, the agency's computers are being held ransom for more than $73,000 dollars with only one day left to pay—and nearly 25 percent of Muni's network has been compromised.
The severity of the attack still remains unknown to the public. However, documents released by one of the hackers suggest many vital agency functions have been compromised, including payroll, email servers, Quickbooks, NextBus operations, various MySQL database servers, staff training and personal computers for hundreds of employees.
In all, the hackers claim to control 2,112 computers—close to a quarter of SFMTA's 8,656-computer network.
In a statement released by agency spokesperson Paul Rose, “The incident remains under investigation, so it wouldn't be appropriate to provide any additional details at this point.”
The attack, first reported by the Examiner on Saturday, left kiosks across Muni's downtown stations with a message reading, “You Hacked, ALL Data Encrypted. Contact For Key(firstname.lastname@example.org)ID:681 ,Enter.”
Unable to process fares, Muni left turnstiles open for passengers to ride freely.
Read more here: http://hoodline.com/2016/11/hackers-hold-sfmta-s-computer-network-hostage-for-73k-ransom
Reports of problems began Sunday.
Hundreds of thousands of Deutsche Telekom customers in Germany have been hit by network outages that could be the work of hackers, the company and government security experts said on Monday.
Deutsche Telekom said as many as 900,000, or about 4.5% of its 20 million fixed-line customers, began to have problems connecting to its network on Sunday afternoon.
The outages affected certain customer routers which are used to dial into the network and offer phone, Internet access and online TV reception, the company said.
Telekom said on Monday its security measures appeared to be taking effect and that the number of customers affected had declined to around 400,000 by 1200 GMT. “There is a clear improvement in the current situation,” a spokesman said.
Customer complaints registered on the site Allestoerungen.de (Breakdown) showed a surge at 1400 GMT on Sunday that peaked around 1600 GMT, then picked up again on Monday.
“Based on the pattern of errors, it cannot be ruled out that the router has been targeted externally, with the result that it can no longer log on to the network,” Deutsche Telekom said in a statement on its website.
German security officials said the outages at Deutsche Telekom may have been caused by hackers. “It obviously looks like the work of hackers,” several government sources told Reuters.
Deutsche Telekom said its technology experts have identified the problem as stemming from how some customer routers connect to the network, but declined to give further details, saying the company was still investigating the outage.
The company suggested that users having connection problems unplug their router, wait 30 seconds and then restart their device. But if problems continued, the network operator advised them to disconnect their equipment from the network.
Read more here: fortune.com/2016/11/28/deutsche-telekoms-network-outage/?xid=soc_socialflow_twitter_FORTUNE
It’s okay if you don’t know the difference between quantum computer and a flux capacitor. Even if quantum computing seems complicated, its implications are easy to understand. Although they sound like something out of a sci-fi novel, these things are going to change the world. Quantum computers are going to revolutionize our ability to predict complicated phenomena.
Quantum computers are good at modeling complicated things because they exploit quantum uncertainty, the principle that an electron can be in two states at once. Simply put, they are good at multitasking compared to normal computers because normal computers calculate one thing at a time. For example, if I add one and one on a normal computer I get two. On a quantum computer I can add one and one and get zero, one or two because I can add any combination of zero and one together at the same time.
Predicting sports highlights this difference. Normal computers are great at predicting baseball. If you’ve seen Moneyball, you know what I mean. In 2002, the Oakland Athletics made the playoffs by building their team purely based on statistics. Although the movie didn’t bring it up, I imagine computers made that strategy possible by crunching the numbers.
Computers are well suited to making baseball predictions because baseball is mostly sequential. The pitcher throws a pitch, the batter swings, the fielders make a play and repeat. Obviously, certain things happen simultaneously. A runner can steal a base, during an at bat for example.
But, it’s very different from a sport like American football, where things happen simultaneously all the time. In football, there are 11 players on each team. Players interact and make at least two or three individual decisions. Keeping track of all these things to make predictions across a few plays would overwhelm a normal computer. Quantum computers are game changing because they can efficiently track the complicated interactions between players and their decisions.
Of course, this is just an example. People aren’t building quantum computers to predict football. People talk about cryptography and optimization (which require keeping track of many interacting states), but the biggest impact quantum stands to make is predicting the economy. People expected that with advances in computing would predict economic indicators like inflation, stock returns and unemployment with accuracy.
Read more here: cornellsun.com/2016/11/20/schulman-quantum-computers-are-game-changing/
Security researchers have discovered that third-party firmware included with over 2.8 million low-end Android smartphones allows attackers to compromise Over-the-Air (OTA) update operations and execute commands on the target's phone with root privileges.
Mobile experts from Anubis Networks discovered the problem this week. This is the second issue of its kind that came to light this week after researchers from Kryptowire discovered a similar secret backdoorin the firmware of Chinese firm Shanghai Adups Technology Co. Ltd..
This time around, the problem affected Android firmware created by another Chinese company named Ragentek Group.
Researchers say they've discovered the issue after one of their researchers bought a BLU Studio G smartphone from Best Buy.
They say the smartphone used an insecure Over-the-Air update system, powered by the Ragentek firmware, which contacts remote servers via an unencrypted communications channel. The lack of SSL support means an attacker can carry out a basic Man-in-the-Middle attack and fake responses from the OTA server, sending rogue commands to the user's smartphone.
While there are numerous devices and apps that fail to secure client-server communications via HTTPS, Anubis researchers say the issue goes much deeper.
Read more here: www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/second-chinese-firm-in-a-week-found-hiding-backdoor-in-firmware-of-android-devices/
Programmers across the world are rushing to apply machine-learning to pretty much everything, from bicycle helmets to refrigerators. Most recently, a team of researchers in Japan has semi-successfully used it to confirm that the homogenous designs of books within a genre is a pretty effective marketing technique.
Brian Kenji Iwana and Seiichi Uchida at Kyushu University utilized a deep neural network to gauge whether a computer could correctly guess the genre of a book based on its cover. They fed the covers and genres of around 100,000 books found on Amazon to the network, training it to recognize patterns in the images associated with each of the twenty genres used in the dataset. According to MIT Technology Review, “the algorithm listed the correct genre in its top three choices over 40 percent of the time and found the exact genre more than 20 percent of the time.”
Until a similar study is done to gauge human beings’ ability to correctly ascribe genres to books using only their cover images, it will remain unclear whether the computer’s occasional success is better or worse than the strategies our brains employ.
The similarities between book covers within genres has, however, been well-documented–particularly within romance–indicating that humans are pretty good at the task, and publishers are good at taking advantage of it. It makes sense: repetition is a common facet of any marketing campaign or branding initiative. Publishers try to capitalize on our responsiveness to it by reinforcing the association we have with, say, cursive text and romance, or an image of rolling hills and travel.
Read more here: www.forbes.com/sites/ellenduffer/2016/11/19/computer-trained-to-guess-book-genre-using-only-cover-image/
New research coauthored by Brigham Young University researchers may lead to a more accurate system for early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of prostate cancer.
The new study, published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, details a computer model that uses medical images to reproduce the growth patterns of prostate cancer on the anatomy of a patient's prostate.
This type of mathematical modeling and simulation of disease is called predictive medicine, a new trend in medical research that leads to personalized treatment and more accurate forecasting of clinical outcomes.
"There is a lot of room for improvement in both the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer," said study coauthor Michael Scott, BYU professor of civil and environmental engineering. "We're using computer modeling to capture the behavior of prostate tumor growth which will hopefully lead to minimally invasive predictive procedures which can be used in clinical practice."
Current diagnosis methods include invasive biopsy procedures which too often lead to patients being over-treated or under-treated. Complicating matters is the fact that prostate cancer can remain undiagnosed because early stages of the disease may not produce symptoms until a tumor is either very large or has invaded other tissues.
The new system could lead to both earlier diagnosis and less invasive testing. It's a promising development given prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men worldwide, responsible for 308,000 deaths in 2012 and estimated to take 26,120 lives in the U.S. alone in 2016.
Scott, and fellow BYU professor Kevin Tew teamed up with colleagues at the University of Coruna, UT-Austin and Carnegie Mellon for the study. The personalized tumor growth simulations leveraged the high-performance computing resources available through BYU's Fulton Supercomputing Lab
Read more here: medicalxpress.com/news/2016-11-method-prostate-cancer.html
Microsoft is on a mission to build a quantum computer, and the company has appointed Todd Holmdahl to manage the project.
Holmdahl is the corporate vice president of Microsoft Quantum, a unit dedicated to turning the company's quantum computing research into real-world products. He previously helped shepherd the development of the Xbox, Kinect motion controller and HoloLens augmented reality headset as commercialized products..
Now Holmdahl and his team are gearing up to bring quantum computing into the mainstream.
"I think we're at an inflection point in which we are ready to go from research to engineering," he stated in a Nov. 20 blog post. "None of these things are a given. But you have to take some amount of risk in order to make a big impact in the world, and I think we're at the point now that we have the opportunity to do that."
Read more here: www.eweek.com/servers/microsoft-plans-to-build-a-quantum-computer.html